Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 3.5 million people in the UK and some 30 million people in the USA. It’s thought to cost around £20bn per year in the UK and almost $300bn in the USA in direct and indirect costs – an incredible amount of money when one considers that the condition is largely […]
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Generally a person will wake up in the morning and their blood sugar will be slightly elevated. This “dawn phenomenon” is the result of normal hormonal changes which cause the body to create insulin regardless of whether or not a person has diabetes. Whilst a person is asleep, the body produces growth hormones, cortisol, glucagon […]
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The human body uses three main sources of energy: carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. The ability to run, swim, ski, and generally survive results from the ability of the body to extract energy from food. Each of the different fuel sources – carbohydrates, protein, and fat – follow different metabolic pathways in the body but they […]
Type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus type 2) is a metabolic disorder which is characterised by high blood sugar, resistance to insulin, and a relative lack of insulin. When an individual has this disease, the body is not efficient in converting the carbohydrates found in food to energy. The result is a build up of sugar […]
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